CFI Topics

Simulated Approach Procedure

Lesson 5

The accompanying figure (see below) is an advanced organizer. An advanced organizer is a teaching aid that helps organize the material to enhance learning and retention. This figure shows how to simulate a radar or no-gyro approach by giving what to say and when to say it. It is based on the same document used by controllers, FAA document JO 7110.65T, which gives the procedure for a radar approach.

The advanced organizer has three parts:

  • Set‐Up: What to say to set up and maneuver the student to the final approach course
  • Approach Progress: What to say and when to say it regarding the progress of the approach
  • Course Correction: What to say regarding lateral deviations on the approach course

The Set Up portion includes providing lost communication procedures and current weather. The ATC communications are shown in the same order as they appear in JO 7110.65T. By using vectoring, have the pilot maneuver the plane to intercept the extended runway centerline on an approximately 30 degree intercept at least 2 nm from the simulated final approach fix. This part ends with the simulated hand-off to the final controller who will say “do not acknowledge further transmissions.”

As the final approach progresses, give updates on the distance from the missed approach point. If the pilot requests it, for each mile on the approach, give altitude updates on the recommended altitude the plane should be at on the approach.

On the final approach, what to say regarding heading depends on how far the plane is off course and whether the flight path is converging or diverging with the final approach course. The Advanced Organizer shows what ATC will say for on-course, slightly and well off-course, and for different rates of divergence.

The advanced organizer is designed for simulating a no-gyro approach, but can easily be
modified for an ASR approach. For the ASR approach, simply give headings to fly instead of start/stop ooo turns. On final approach, headings should be to 1° accuracy (e.g. Turn 2° right, Turn right heading 273°, Fly heading 273°). Also, the advanced organizer only shows the nominal approach. See JO 7110.65T for what ATC will do if radar coverage is lost, if the aircraft gets too far off the approach, or it gets too high/low for a safe approach.

No-gyro and ASR approaches can be simulated by overlaying them on an existing approach in order to easily establish the final approach fix location, minimum altitudes, and final approach course. The simulated no-gyro approach or ASR approach is particularly suited for practice in a simulator or training device. In such a device, the CFII can accurately monitor the flight path on the instructor’s station and simulate ATC without the distractions of an actual flight. In actual flight, CFII’s are reminded they must maintain communications with the local ATC as required as well as play the roll of ATC to their student.

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